The main goal of dentistry is to help you protect and maintain your oral health so as to prevent non-optimal issues and conditions from arising. That said, even the most rigorous oral hygiene habits cannot protect against all of the potential tooth damages that are caused by injury or decay. When these damages occur, the function and structure of the tooth is affected, which in turn can affect the individual’s overall health. This is where dental restoration comes in.
When is dental restoration necessary?
Anything that helps to resolve oral health issues and works to restore the functional and esthetic state of the mouth would fall under the heading of restorative dentistry. Often also referred to as the specialty of prosthodontic dentistry, restorative dentistry would include such things as dental fillings, veneers, crowns, bridges, partial and full dentures and implants.
The primary purpose of restorative dentistry is to preserve natural teeth wherever possible and replace natural teeth wherever necessary. Preserving natural teeth can help to preserve structure and function, but there are some occasions where the damage to a tooth is simply too severe to be restored. In these cases, the tooth should be removed and the gap filled with a replacement denture, bridge or implant as soon as possible. Doing this helps to prevent numerous issues from developing as a result of the gap, including bacteria and plaque buildup, excessive chewing stress on remaining teeth, shifting teeth and misaligned bite and more.
When restorative dentistry is needed because of tooth damage, your dentist will carefully examine the tooth to determine whether it can be preserved or must be removed. Your oral and general health will also be taken into consideration since certain dental restoration procedures, such as dental implants, require high levels of health. They will thoroughly discuss the situation and their recommendation with you, and encourage you to ask any questions or discuss any concerns you may have.
Types of Restoration
Although restoration can be explained in a variety of ways, the simplest way to break down its definition is to consider direct and indirect restorations. These are separate types of restorations available today. Depending on your needs, you may have to choose between either type.
Direct Tooth Restoration
This term usually refers to a procedure that takes place in just one visit to your dentist. A direct restoration typically uses composite resin or a glass ionomer cement (GIC). Both of these materials are safe for humans and have a good appearance. They are available in tooth colour, giving them a natural appearance in the mouth. This feature sets them apart from other types of materials which may be dark or noticeable.
The disadvantage of these solutions is that they are not the longest-lasting solution. This can mean a higher cost over time as well as more work on your part. For example, both materials have structural disadvantages. GIC is not the strongest material, especially when used to fill a large cavity. Composite resin tends to shrink over time, creating stress and pulling on the tooth.
When do their benefits outweigh the disadvantages? They tend to work well for small cavities but usually won’t work well for larger holes and restorations. With larger holes, there is a greater chance of needing to have the restoration replaced over time.
Indirect Tooth Restoration
An indirect restoration is where the restoration is made outside of the mouth. This can occur in a dental lab or possibly in a dental practice which has specialized equipment. These types of restorations are typically made with ceramic or porcelain and often come with longer effectiveness.
The downside for most people is that this type of restoration is going to take a larger time commitment. It typically takes place over two visits but the advantages may outweigh the greater time commitment. Additionally, the cost for an indirect restoration is going to be higher. The higher initial cost may be mitigated though when you consider that this type of restoration has to be replaced less often than the direct restoration.
The advantage of indirect restorations is that they last longer than direct restorations. They also support the teeth more effectively and are made from non-toxic materials. They look great and won’t shrink over time. The materials used for indirect restoration can be made to the ideal shape of the tooth, giving you a better overall appearance.
Dental restoration procedures
Dental restoration is ordinarily required for the repair of teeth impaired by injuries or cavities. There are a few methods provided by restorative dentistry that solve these kinds of dental complications with the most popular being dental fillings. Let’s look at some of the common types of these restorations.
These include amalgam, porcelain, composite and gold or silver fillings. Sometimes Mississauga dentists use fillings to even out tooth surfaces for improved chewing or biting. In most cases, patients with enamel loss experience tooth sensitivity and will notice a substantial improvement or complete riddance of sensitivity upon placement of appropriate dental filling material.
However, fillings will not complete a dental restoration if a dentist does not make them in a dental lab using tooth-colored resin or gold. Afterward, your dentist will perform bonding on your next dental visit.
This is a non-invasive procedure that simply means bleaching teeth that are stained or discoloured. This is a cosmetic procedure that won’t change the structure or function of the teeth but simply improve their overall appearance.
depending on the shape of your mouth or teeth, they may need to be re-aligned. Braces can be used to re-align teeth. This can be done with a variety of brace types. If preparing to have braces placed, you can consider having a discussion with your dentist about the types available and which one works best for you.
Dental crowns in Mississauga restore damaged, cracked or chipped teeth to normal size. By repairing teeth damaged from the natural wear and tear generated by aging and tooth grinding, dental crowns can fulfill your esthetic and functional needs.
When it comes to dental restorations, on lays provide significantly more coverage than what you will get from filling or inlays. Mississauga dentists create them in the dental lab using an impression of your mouth. Mostly referred to as partial crowns, they cover a noteworthy portion of a damaged tooth without really covering it. Their main purpose is to shield and repair teeth with a custom-designed tooth much like a fitted cap.
Dentists use partial dentures, dental implants and dental bridges in Mississauga to replace missing teeth that would otherwise significantly have an impact on the looks and function of your teeth. One or more missing teeth can cause the shifting of other teeth in order to house the open space, a change in the bite that may affect your ability to eat, a speech impediment and an increased risk for tooth decay and periodontal disease.
The bonding process applies in almost every dental procedure performed in modern day. Normally, one visit to the dentist completes this with no fabrication, no temporary dentures or mold-taking. Dental bonding can take care of gaps between teeth, splotches from wearing braces, staining, tooth chips and crooked or even teeth whose shapes are unappealing.
Whether you’re worried about stains, malformations, minor misalignments, and discolorations or if you are simply looking for more permanent teeth whitening solutions, choosing porcelain veneers can repair teeth beautifully.
In most cases, dental implants may be the only choice to restore all necessary functions of the teeth and auxiliary structures. An implant can replace a single missing tooth and multiple implants can sustain a dental bridge for the replacement of multiple missing teeth.
Root canal treatment in Mississauga can also increase the retention of dentures helping to minimize gum irritation. An additional implant benefit is that it does not require the preparation of neighboring teeth that would be necessary for bridge work.
It’s advisable to talk with your dentist to know which restorative dental treatment is best to help repair your teeth and help you smile more confidently.
Dental Restoration Care Tips
Dental restorations can be expensive. It’s important to protect your investment! Patients with dental restorations can keep their teeth healthy using a lifelong recall and maintenance approach. This can reduce risk for failure of tooth and implant-borne restorations.
The lifetime of a dental restoration largely depends on how well it is cared for. Here are a few easy tips to help you care for your new dental restoration.
Use a mouth guard
Just as you want to protect your teeth when playing contact sports, you will also want to wear appropriate gear to safeguard your new tooth restoration from any sudden impact caused by a blow to the face or mouth. Wearing a mouth guard when you participate in any type of high-intensity activity, such as boxing or basketball, is an easy and affordable way to keep your restoration and mouth safe from harm. Your dentist can even custom fit a mouth guard for your teeth to ensure optimal protection.
Keep teeth and gums clean
With your new restoration in place, good oral hygiene becomes even more important for maintaining the integrity of your teeth. To care for your new restoration, continue to practice twice-daily brushing and daily flossing to keep your teeth and gum tissues healthy. Combined with routine checkups with your dentist, establishing healthy oral hygiene habits is one of the best ways to prolong the usefulness of your restorative treatment.
Wear your night guard
Do you grind your teeth when you sleep? If you do, then don’t forget to wear a night guard. Grinding or clenching will not only damage your teeth over time, but it can also dislodge or break
fillings, crowns and other restorations.
Avoid certain foods
To prevent the need for restoration replacements, avoid hard and sticky foods — such as nuts, pretzels and taffy — that can damage or dislodge your restoration. Similarly, you will also want to avoid chewing on non-food objects such as pencils and pens, as well as opening packages with your teeth, as these habits can also lead to damaged teeth and restorations.
How often should I have follow-up visits to maintain my restored teeth?
In addition to maintaining regular dental hygiene practices, prosthodontists recommend that patients with dental restorations should have clinical examinations to clean, adjust, repair, or replace their restorations at least every six months.