Dental scaling

If you have been to the dentist for a routine check-up and cleaning recently, then you have had a tooth scaling procedure. Dental scaling, or teeth scaling, is a cleaning procedure designed to eliminate excessive plaque buildup on the teeth and prevent gum disease. The dental scaling procedure when performed by itself is used for more intense deep cleaning of the teeth. If you haven’t had a professional cleaning for a few years, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning, including dental scaling, to return your teeth and gums to a healthier state. Here is more information about the teeth scaling procedure and what is involved.
What is Teeth Scaling and When is dental scaling necessary? (h2)
Dental scaling is routinely performed to help patients with gum disease and excessive plaque buildup. While a standard cleaning will address the surface of the tooth, scaling goes much deeper. If your dentist suggests dental scaling and root planing for your teeth, it’s helpful to know what this means so you can prepare for what’s ahead.
Routine professional cleanings are important to help maintain good oral health and prevent gum disease. Even with daily brushing and flossing, plaque builds up on the teeth due to the consumption of foods and beverages. Professional cleanings help to remove this build up. If left untreated, the bacteria in the plaque can cause gum disease over time. If plaque is not removed, as it builds up along the gumline it will cause the gums to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. If these pockets continue to worsen then the gum tissue becomes loose and tooth loss becomes a threat. Additionally, once these pockets start to form, they will fill with more plaque and cause the pockets to worsen. It is a common rule of thumb that dental scaling is needed if pockets advance to 4 millimeters or more. The goal of the dental scaling procedure is to eliminate this plaque below the gumline and help the gums return to a healthy state.
Scaling and Root Planing (h2)
A two-step procedure, the deep cleaning is known as scaling teeth, and root planing might take more than one appointment. To minimize any discomfort, you might need a local anesthetic.
The goal is to thoroughly scale all plaque, bacterial toxins, and tartar deposits from your teeth and root surfaces.
Step One: Scaling (h3)
Dental scaling dives deeper into the gumline with manual hand instruments, ultrasonic instruments, or both.
If your hygienist – or dentist – uses an ultrasonic scaling device, sonic vibrations will remove the plaque bacteria and tartar (calculus) from the tooth surface and underneath the gumline.
A manual dental scaler can do the same thing. Or it can supplement the ultrasonic device by removing particles the device can’t break loose.
Step Two: Root Planing (h3)
involves an even deeper dive with detailed scaling of the root surface to smooth out rough areas.
Smooth root surfaces keep bacteria, plaque, and tartar from re-adhering underneath the gumline. Root planing decreases gum tissue inflammation, allowing your gums to heal and reattach themselves more firmly to your teeth.
If needed to prevent infection, your dentist might administer medicine directly into the area undergoing the procedure.
After your deep cleaning, you’ll need to schedule a follow-up visit with your dentist.
Types of Dental Scaling Tools (h2)
There are two types of scaling instruments and some dentists or dental hygienists may use both:
Scaling with hand-held instruments (h3)
Your dentist or periodontist will use a dental scaler and curette to manually remove (scale) the plaque from the teeth. Because the dentist or dental hygienist can’t see the plaque, they rely on touch to identify areas of tartar buildup and rough spots.
Scaling with ultrasonic instruments (h3)
Ultrasonic scaling instruments clean plaque from the teeth with a vibrating metal tip that chips off the tartar and a water spray to wash it away and keep the tip cool.
teeth scaling procedure (h2)