If you have several missing teeth but not an entire upper or lower set of teeth Partial dentures can replace the missing teeth and give you a natural look. Partial dentures consist of a gum colored plastic and metal or plastic clasps and prosthetic teeth. They are usually removable and based on the patients mouth and teeth condition a dentist might offer a certain design to their required need.
How partial dentures work?
Partial dentures are designed in such a way that they work just like normal teeth. They are attached to a metal or plastic frame which is designed in such a way to fit exactly the missing teeth space. Partial dentures not only fill the space with teeth, but they also provide a solid grip allowing for a better smile.
To make partial dentures work you must have some healthy teeth remaining in the upper and lower parts of your mouth. Partial dentures are bridges which replace the teeth space and are fixed to other real teeth by crowns. Partial dentures are helpful in providing a false teeth in place of the missing teeth as well as provide a better hold for your whole mouth.
Benefits of Partial Dentures
When you are missing one or more teeth, the bite pressures shift in your mouth partial dentures fill in the gaps left by your missing teeth and doesn’t allow them to shift. A partial denture keeps the underlying structures of your mouth such as your teeth and jaw fixed, which helps prevent further shifting of the other teeth in your mouth, while giving you the confidence of having a complete smile.
Partial dentures will also make your speaking easy and comfortable. Normally when we lose teeth, speaking becomes slightly changed and in some cases, awkward. At the start, one may feel some difficulty pronouncing certain words, but with enough practice, it becomes just as natural.
Eating with dentures can be a bit difficult at first. However, with time, it will become easier. You should start with soft foods initially, and talk with the dentist about any discomfort while chewing food. Eventually, chewing foods will feel more natural, and you won’t think anything of it.
Partial dentures are also less expensive than any other teeth replacement option, however they do need more maintenance but they are easy to learn, they can provide an excellent job restoring beauty and functionality to that part of their mouth. Partial dentures are an appropriate solution when the other teeth in your mouth are healthy. It is always preferable to keep your natural teeth, however, if this is not an option, a partial denture may be the right solution for you.
Different partial denture designs
The different types and designs for partial denture should be based on your dentist professional recommendation and your personal preference.
Here are the most common partial denture designs.
Cast Metal Removable Partial Denture
The most common type of removable partial denture consists of high-quality replacement teeth on a rigid cast metal frame. Less expensive cast metal partials attach to the existing teeth with metal clasps, but precision attachments are usually preferred for aesthetic reasons. With proper care, a cast metal removable partial denture can last for many years.
Acrylic Partial Denture
Acrylic partial dentures also known as a dental flipper is an all acrylic denture that is often supported by metal clasps. Due to the impact-resistant acrylic that is used in the fabrication process, they can be bulky and uncomfortable for some patients to use long-term. While technological advancements in acrylic plastic dentures have come a long way in making them a potentially viable and permanent solution; they are most often used as an interim or temporary partial denture while waiting on a more permanent solution such as cast metal partial dentures.
Flexible Partial Denture
Flexible partial dentures are one of the three different types of partial dentures that are available if you have one or more teeth missing. Often chosen with patients who are allergic to cast metal or acrylic due to their hypoallergenic materials, they can be a comfortable and aesthetically pleasing option. Made from a thin, heat sensitive type of plastic, they are durable enough to wear for many years with proper care and cleaning. However due to their fabrication process, denture relines and denture repairs are much more difficult, and any accidents caused often require the fabrication of new flexible partial dentures.
Common Partial Denture Problems
This is one partial denture problem solved with a visit to your denturist or dentist for a simple adjustment. If the partial is causing a sore spot on your tissue, it is likely not fitting flush against all of the tissue surface area uniformly. This causes an area of pressure that can be easily remedied with an adjustment.
Difficulty Chewing and Speaking
Getting used to new partial dentures can prove to be challenging. After all, you are dealing with a foreign object covering part of your mouth. The framework covers taste buds, hinders temperature transmission, minimizes space for your tongue to reside, and makes you re-learn to pronounce some sounds.
Most of these issues resolve on their own within the first month of receiving the partial. If they don’t, sometimes a different design or a different type of partial denture material could make the difference between being able to wear it and not being able to wear it. It is important to identify the exact nature of the problem and whether it can be overcome with time or a simple adjustment.
Dentures falling out or being lose
Looseness is a partial denture problem that is many times related to the clasps that secure the partial in place. If one of the clasps is not engaging correctly with the supporting tooth, the other clasps cannot always take up the slack, causing the partial to lift while talking or eating.
Depending on the type of partial, the dental professional has special instruments made exclusively for tightening clasps. Once all of the clasps engage correctly with their respective tooth, the partial will fit securely.